Dictionary of Terms

January 16, 2006

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Abba – An Aramaic word for Father, used by Jesus (Mark 14:36), and is included in many Catholic hymns

Absolution – When a person confesses their sins to a priest and demonstrates true repentance and readiness to change their ways,  the priest is authorized to grant absolution, or “pardon of sins” after which the person remains in good standing with the church

Abstinence – Abstaining from meat or drink.  This is practiced during certain Church seasons

Adoration – A type of prayer in which a person meditates on God as the supreme being 

Advent – (means “the coming, or arrival”) A Church season beginning on the fourth Sunday before Christmas, celebrating both the Coming of Christ when He was born in Bethlehem, and the Second Coming of Christ (2 Thessalonians 1:7, Acts 3:20, 1 Peter 5:4, 1 Corinthians 1:7) which is yet to happen

Alleluia – (means “Praise the Lord”) Used  throughout Revelations (Revelations 19:1,3,4,6) and so is included in many Catholic hymns

Almsgiving – Giving material goods or financial assistance to a needy person.  This is to be done discreetly, and with the spirit of love.  The Catholic church has many ministries offering assistance to the needy throughout the year, but a special focus on almsgiving with the parish community occurs during the season of Lent

Alpha and Omega – The first and the last: “I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord” (Revelation 1:8)

Altar – A table in the Church where the priest celebrates the Liturgy of the Eucharist during mass (this is the reinactment of The Last Supper)

Amen

 

(more to come!)